A. RECOUNT TEXT
Recount text is a text that tells the reader about one story, action or activity. Its goal is to entertaining or informing the reader.
Example 1 :
MY HOLIDAY……UNPREDICTABLE BUT FUN
It was Sunday, the end of my holiday indeed, when friends of mine suddenly came to my home and picked me up. They told me that we were going to go out of town. That was unpredictable and really surprised me because there was no any confirmation before.
At 9 o’clock in the morning, we departed from my home and realized that the road was very crowded. Then, we decided to take freeway to save the time. For about thirty minutes later, we were out. But not arrived yet. We tried to find a store to buy some food and drink as our provisions. After we got them, we continued our trip to Boyolali. Well, it took approximately two hours to get there.
In the afternoon, we arrived and came in to one of my friend’s house first. There, we could take some rest and had lunch together. After that, according to the plan, we had to continue our trip to go to Tlatar. But, my friend’s mother asked us to take some fruit as gift. The fruit such as mangoes, rambutans and guava. It was out of our meant, but we accepted it. Of course, moreover, they could complete our provisions, right?.
After we got a lot of gift, we went to Tlatar, a special nature park and pond in Boyolali. The way to get there was really nice, we could see the fields and woods around us with the beautiful mountain behind them. Furthermore, we could feel the fresh air which was difficult to be found in Semarang. In Tlatar, we could swim and fishing. While some of us were swimming, the others were fishing or just enjoyed the view. We also ordered some food and drink.
The other and the last place we visited was Badhe Dam. It was big dam in Boyolali. We got there when it was getting afternoon around at five o’clock. Well, the situation there was really amazing. It was the right place to calm our self and mind. The beautiful dam with the blue sky were really a wonderful mixture of nature. We relaxed and felt calm. And did not forget to take pictures together.
At six, we realized that it was getting to dark, we had to back to Semarang. So, we decided to departed right away. We were very glad and enjoyed our trip together. We would never forget it.

Example 2 :
Tuesday, September 30th, 2008
It was takbiran night. It was also my birthday, and nothing happened. Or I had thought nothing would happen, but I was wrong.
That night, I was watching television with my family when I heard someone lit fireworks in my front yard. I peeped trough my window glass but could see nothing. It was very dark outside. Then I thought it had to be my cousins who lit the fireworks. Then I plopped down on my sofa again and tried to concentrate on the television since my mind raced with disappointment that no one gave something special on my birthday. I shrugged, it was almost the end of the day and I became pessimist. Five minutes later my mobile beeped. It was a text from my friend asking me to come out. Wondering what was going on, I grabbed my jacket and hurried to the front door. I was surprised to see her bring a bag full of firework and fire drills. Next I was surprised to see my other friend come out from the darkness. She brought a beautiful birthday cake on her hands. Oh my God! I shrieked. Then they gave the cake to me who was too stunned to say anything. I realized I was blushing furiously because my whole family was watching. Not to mention my neighbors too!
A plain day, or I thought it was before, turned out to be one of the greatest moment in my life. I didn’t even know how to describe what I felt. Happy was the simplest word.

B. NARRATIVE TEXT
A narrative text is an imaginative story to entertain people
•    narrative text use of past tense
•    narrative text usually begins with : once upon a time, one day, long time, two years ago, etc
•    a lot of action verbs such as : went, saw, bought, slept, etc
•    many connectives or conjuctions
connectives are used to show a sequence of events or activities. the examples of connectives are : first, second, then, next, after that, and, finaly.
conjuctions are word to connect clauses or sentences or to coordinate words in the same clause. the examples of conjuctions are : and, but, or, etc
structure of narrative text : Orientation, Complication, dan Resolution
* Orientation : It is about the opening paragraph where the characters of the story are introduced.(berisi pengenalan tokoh, tempat dan waktu terjadinya cerita (siapa atau apa, kapan dan dimana)
* Complication : Where the problems in the story developed. (Permasalahan muncul / mulai terjadi dan berkembang)
* Resolution : Where the problems in the story is solved. Masalah selesai, — secara baik “happy ending” ataupun buruk “bad ending”.

Example 1 :
Sincere Will Get a Great Return

Once upon a time, there was a kingdom named Auretto, all people lived peacefully there. One of them was Charlita, the king’s daughter who was assumed as the most beautiful and kindest Princess of Auretto.

One day, Charlita looked blue. Because of that her father got confused. “What’s the matter my beautiful daughter? Why are you so sad?” asked King Fernando. Charlita was just silent. She did not say anything.

Then, King Fernando decided to make a competition to cheer Charlita again. After that, the palace representative announce: “I will make a competition. The aim is to make my daughter, Princess Charlita to be happy and laugh again. Everyone who can do it, will get a prize. It will be held tomorrow when the sun rises. Sign: King Fernando.”

The following morning, everybody came to the palace, tried to give their best performance. They seemed happy and laugh, but not for Princess Charlita. She was just silent and still looked sad.

King Fernando started to give up. No one amused his daughter. Then, there came a young handsome man. “Excuse me King Fernando. I would like to join your competition. But, would you mind if I took Princess Charlita for a walk?” said the young man gently. “As long as you make my daughter be happy again, it will totally alright.” said King Fernando. The young handsome man took Princess Charlita for a walk in a beautiful blue lake with a green forest around it. Princess Charlita smiled and looked happy after that. Every body looked happy, too. “I know why are you so my beautiful daughter. Now, I promise I will environment green. I regret for always destroying it. Finally, the environment around the kingdom became so beautiful and green, full of plants. Then, the young handsome man got a prize from the king. “I will marry you off my daughter.” said him. “That is the prize I promise for you. Thanks for keeping our environment well. Thanks for making my daughter happy again.”

Example2 :
The Legend of Rawa Pening

Once upon a time, there was a little poor boy came into a little village. He was very hungry and weak. He knocked at every door and asked for some food, but nobody cared about him. Nobody wanted to help the little boy.

Finally, a generous woman helped him. She gave him shelter and a meal. When the boy wanted to leave, this old woman gave him a “lesung”, a big wooden mortar for pounding rice. She reminded him, “please remember, if there is a flood you must save yourself. Use this “lesung” as a boat”. The “lesung” was happy and thanked the old woman.The little boy continued his journey. While he was passing through the village, he saw many people gathering on the field. The boy came closer and saw a stick stuck in the ground. People challenged each other to pull out that stick. Everybody tried, but nobody succeeded. “Can I try?” asked the little boy. The crowd laughed mockingly. The boy wanted to try his luck so he stepped forward and pulled out the stick. He could do it very easily. Everybody was dumbfounded.

Suddenly, from the hole left by stick, water spouted out. It did not stop until it flooded the village. And no one was saved from the water except the little boy and the generous old woman who gave him shelter and meal. As she told him, he used the “lesung” as a boat and picked up the old woman. The whole village became a huge lake. It is now known as Rawa Pening Lake in Salatiga, Central Java, Indonesia.

C. DESCRIPTIVE TEXT
Description is a text which says what a person or a thing is like. Its purpose is to describe and reveal a particular person, place, or thing.”
Structure of Descriptive text :
1. identification: it contains the identification of / a which will be described.
2. description: contains an explanation / description of the / someone to mention a few properties.

Examples of Descriptive Text about Mother

My mother is a beautiful person. She is not tall but not short, and she has straight hair and black. Her eyes color are like honey and her color skin color light brown, and she has a beautiful smile.
She is a very kind person. She is very lovely, friendly, patient, and she loves to help people. I love my mom, because she is a good example to me. She loves being in the Church, and she loves sing and dance too.
She is a very good child, wife and mother. She always takes care of her family. She likes her house to be clean and organized. She a very organized person, and all things in the house are in the right place. She doesn’t like messes.
She always has a smile on her face. She is so sweet and lovely. I like when I am going to sleep or went I wake up or when I am going to go to some places, she always give me a kiss, and when the family have a problem she always be with us to helps us and to give us all her love.

Example of descriptive text about Orange
Orange, the popular fruit which is easy to find and relatively cheap, in fact contain much nutrition, which is good for our health. The fruit has widely been known as not only vitamin and mineral-rich fruit but also containing essential substances, which cannot be produced by human body. As a matter of fact, those substances are necessary since they are used in the process of the growth and development of human body.
The non-nutrition compounds in orange can minimize the risk of some dreadful diseases, such as cardiovascular, cancer, and eyes problems. Unfortunately, for many years people see the fruit only as the source of vitamin C while actually it also produces carbohydrate, potassium, calcium, thiamin, niacin, vitamin B, phosphor, magnesium, riboflavin, another natural chemical compounds.
Consuming orange is also suggested for those who have diet programme since there are only 60-80 calories in one fruit. Therefore, by having this fruit in daily menu, someone can reduce his or her weight.

D. REPORT TEXT
Report is a text which present information about something, as it is. It is as a result of systematic observation and analyses
purpose of report text is presenting information about something. They generally describe an entire class of things, whether natural or made: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants, countries of region, culture, transportation, and so on.
grammar in the report text
* Use of general nouns
* Use of relating verbs to describe features
* Some use of action verbs when describing behaviour
* Use of timeless present tense to indicate usualness
* Use of technical terms
* Use of paragraphs with topic sentences to organise bundles of information
Example 1 :
Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day is a celebration of harvest, thankfulness for peace, and the attempt of Native Americans. It is usually celebrated in late autumn.

In the past, Thanksgiving was celebrated for their rich harvest in New England. In North America, however, it was originally held to thank God for their survival in the new land which was not easy for them. However, in Canada, it had been celebrated as in New England. Thanksgiving now is celebrated in United States of America and in Canada. Thanksgiving festivals are held every fourth Thursday of November in the U.S and on the second Monday of October in Canada. It is usually celebrated in four to five days in the North America and for three days in Canada.

It is celebrated through families and friends gathering to eat and give good luck. Turkey is the main dish in the thanksgiving dinner. Thanksgiving parades are also usually held. In Thanksgiving homes are decorated with wreaths, fresh and dried flowers. Lamps are lighted to brighten the environment. Tables are decorated with best china and antique silver dishes to mark the occasion.

Example 2 :

Venice is a city in northern Italy. It is the capital of region Veneto. Together with Padua, the city is included in the Padua-Venice Metropolitan Area. Venice has been known as the “Queen of the Adriatic”, “City of Water”, “City of Bridges”, and “The City of Light”. The city stretches across 117 small islands in the marshy Venetian Lagoon along the Adriatic Sea in northeast Italy.

Venice is world-famous for its canals. It is built on an archipelago of 117 islands formed by about 150 canals in a shallow lagoon. The islands on which the city is built are connected by about 400 bridges. In the old center, the canals serve the function of roads, and every form of transport is on water or on foot.

You can ride gondola there. It is the classical Venetian boat which nowadays is mostly used for tourists, or for weddings, funerals, or other ceremonies. Now, most Venetians travel by motorised waterbuses (“vaporetti”) which ply regular routes along the major canals and between the city’s islands. The city also has many private boats. The only gondolas still in common use by Venetians are the traghetti, foot passenger ferries crossing the Grand Canal at certain points without bridges.

You can see the amusing city’s landmarks such as Piazza San Marco, Palazzo Contarini del Bovolo, Saint Mark’s Cathedral or villas of the Veneto. The villas of the Veneto, rural residences for nobles during the Republic, are one of the most interesting aspects of Venetian countryside.

They are surrounded by elegant gardens, suitable for fashionable parties of high society. The city is also well known for its beautiful and romantic view, especially at night.

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